Step Acquisition Goodwill Calculation and Journal Entries

The established measurement of goodwill on the acquisition of a subsidiary is the excess of the fair value of the consideration given by the parent over the parent’s share of the fair value of the net assets acquired. This method can be referred to as the proportionate (or partial goodwill) method. It determines the goodwill that relates to the whole of the subsidiary, ie goodwill that is both attributable to the parent’s interest and the non-controlling interest (NCI).

As the impairment loss relates to the gross goodwill of the subsidiary, so it will reduce the NCI in the subsidiary’s profit for the year by $40 (20% x $200). The subsidiary may have internally generated intangible assets, such as internally generated brand assets, which do not meet the recognition criteria how to calculate goodwill on acquisition of Intangible Assets. While these cannot be capitalised in the subsidiary’s individual financial statements, they must be recognised in the consolidated statement of financial position. This will result in an increase in the value of intangible assets with a corresponding decrease in goodwill.

The fair value of the contingent consideration payable will be a mix of the likelihood of the event, and a reflection of the time value of money. The key here is that the fair value of the contingent consideration will be given to you in the exam. Assuming that no amounts have already been recorded by the parent company, this needs to be included in the goodwill calculation on the date of acquisition with the double entry Dr Goodwill, Cr Provision.

However, they are neither tangible (physical) assets nor can their value be precisely quantified. For an actual example, consider the T-Mobile and Sprint merger announced in early 2018. The deal was valued at $35.85 billion as of March 31, 2018, per an S-4 filing. The fair value of the assets was $78.34 billion and the fair value of the liabilities was $45.56 billion. Thus, goodwill for the deal would be recognized as $3.07 billion ($35.85 billion – $32.78 billion), the amount over the difference between the fair value of the assets and liabilities. Now, for the purposes of the impairment review, the goodwill of $500 together with the net assets of $250 form the carrying amount of the cash-generating unit.

  1. The fair value of Grampian Co’s net assets at the date of acquisition was $4,000,000.
  2. Goodwill has an indefinite life, while other intangibles have a definite useful life.
  3. The remaining shares were valued at $52,000 and the net assets at acquisition were $170,000.
  4. Determine the difference between each asset’s fair value and book value and adjust the books of accounts accordingly.

Sometimes, the company may decide to purchase another business for various reasons, such as acquiring the supplier, eliminating the competitor, or simply trying to expand the scope of its business, etc. Likewise, when the company acquires another company to become its subsidiary, it can make the journal entry for goodwill on acquisition in order to present such goodwill as an intangible asset on the consolidated financial statements. Where goodwill has been calculated gross (full method), then all the parts in the impairment review process are already consistently recorded in full. Any impairment loss (whether it relates to the gross goodwill or the other assets) will be allocated between the parent and the NCI in the normal proportion that they share profits and losses. As we have seen, both the consideration paid and the net assets of the subsidiary need to be included at fair value at the date of acquisition. More often than not, the fair value of items will be provided in the Financial Reporting exam, such as the fair value adjustment required to net assets, or the fair value of contingent consideration.

Why is goodwill important to accountants and financial modellers?

Along with goodwill, these types of assets can include intellectual property, brand names, location and a host of other factors. Goodwill refers to a premium over the fair market value of a company that a purchaser pays, and this premium can often be attributed to intangible items like reputation, future growth, brand recognition, or human capital. It is the portion of a business’s value that cannot be attributed to other business assets. The methods of calculating goodwill can all be used to justify the market value of a business that is greater than the accounting value on a company’s books. While there are many different ways to calculate goodwill, income-based methods are the most common. Keep in mind that goodwill exists only when a buyer pays more for an asset than the asset is worth, not before.

Changes to Accounting Rules for Goodwill

This $7,000,000 of investment in subsidiary account will be eliminated in the consolidated financial statements of the group company. Hence, while there is no goodwill on acquisition in the individual company, there is no investment in subsidiary in the group’s consolidated financial statements. That is why the company usually needs to pay more than the fair value of the net assets in acquiring another company as it will also acquire those positive attributes attached with the acquired company in the purchase as well.

Financial Aid

As Pratt Co gained control of Swann Co on 1 January 20X1, the goodwill needs to be calculated on this date. This is recorded in the goodwill calculation, with an equivalent liability set up within current liabilities, as the amount is payable in 12 months. It makes logical sense that the amount to be paid for the subsidiary must be recorded at its fair value. However, complexities arise when a parent company pays for the subsidiary in a number of different ways. For the FR exam, it is vital that candidates are able to account for each of these and arrive at the correct total consideration.

Corporations use the purchase method of accounting, which does not allow for automatic amortization of goodwill. Goodwill is carried as an asset and evaluated for impairment at least once a year. (a) Fair value adjustments to recognised assets
Assets such as property, plant and equipment, or inventory will be recognised in the subsidiary’s financial statements at their carrying amounts. This increase of $2m is not added to goodwill, but is instead expensed to the statement of profit or loss to reflect the increase in the provision with the double entry Dr P/L, Cr Provision. As the amount is now potentially payable in one year, this will be moved from non-current liabilities to current liabilities. Solution
Many candidates fall into the trap of stating that as this is not likely, no liability should be recorded.

An impairment loss allocated against goodwill cannot be reversed in subsequent accounting periods. Given a gross goodwill of $200 and a goodwill attributable to the parent of $180, the goodwill attributable to the NCI is the difference of $20. Such goodwill is accounted for as an intangible asset in the group accounts, and as we shall see later, be subject to an annual impairment review. In the event that there is a bargain purchase, ie ‘negative’ goodwill arises.

IAS 38, “Intangible Assets,” does not allow the recognizing of internally created goodwill (in-house-generated brands, mastheads, publishing titles, customer lists, and items similar in substance). The only accepted form of goodwill is the one that acquired externally, through business combinations, purchases or acquisitions. At the year-end, an impairment review is being conducted on a 60%-owned subsidiary. At the date of the impairment review the carrying amount of the subsidiary’s net assets were $250 and the goodwill attributable to the parent $300 and the recoverable amount of the subsidiary $700. Solution
In conducting the impairment review of proportionate goodwill, it is first necessary to gross it up. In accounting, goodwill is accrued when an entity pays more for an asset than its fair value, based on the company’s brand, client base, or other factors.

The reason for this is that, at the point of insolvency, the goodwill the company previously enjoyed has no resale value. If there’s any evidence of impairment, the value of the goodwill should be written down and expensed in the statement of comprehensive income. You might read in some older textbooks that you can, and it was allowed until 2008 when IFRS 3 was revised.


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